The rugged and diverse terrain, the altitude range from 144m to 2,429m and the striking presence of water contribute to the formation of a variety of natural habitats.

17 different types of habitats have already been registered, the most interesting of which, due to their rarity, are: a) the forests of foetid juniper (Juniperus foetidissima), growing at an altitude of 1000m-1500m, b) the forests of black pine (Pinus nigra) and c) the mountain or sub-alpine fields located in relatively wet areas above the upper limit of the forest. The forest habitats, such as those of fir and oak, are also remarkable. Those of evergreen and hardwood deciduous trees, such as oaks, kermes oaks, arbutus, heathers, and of plane-trees, Holm oak and laurel are particularly important for the National Park.

The habitats recorded inside the National Park of Tzoumerka, Peristeri and Arachthos are outlined in the table below.


CODE Habitat types Annex I
3280 Constantly flowing Mediterranean rivers with PaspaloAgrostidion species and hanging curtains of Salix and Populus alba
3290 Intermittently flowing Mediterranean rivers of the Paspalo-Agrostidion
4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse
5210 Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp.
6230* Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on siliceous substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas, in Continental Europe)
8140 Eastern Mediterranean screes
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
9130 Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests
9270 Hellenic beech forests with Abies borisii-regis
92C0 Platanus orientalis and Liquidambar orientalis woods (Plantanion orientalis)
9530* (Sub-)Mediterranean pine forests with endemic black pines
9560* Endemic forests with Juniperus spp.
9340h Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests
9280h Quercus frainetto woods

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